Matt Malone

Assistant Professor

HBA (University of Toronto), MA (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), LLB, BCL (McGill University)

Matt's main research interest pertains to the various ways law protects secret information, especially in the context of trade secrecy, confidential information, access to information, privacy, data protection, and cybersecurity.  He also maintains a broad interest in legal issues pertinent to modern workplaces, in particular workplace investigations.

Prior to joining the Faculty, Matt practiced law full-time in California at Morrison & Foerster and Van Dermyden Makus.  In addition to his academic research, he conducts workplace investigations and regularly does expert work in this area.  Matt also regularly provides pro bono legal services to LGBT individuals and organizations. He is also an academic partner at the Investigative Journalism Foundation.

He is called to the bar in British Columbia, California, and New York.

  1. "We Have Received a Complaint: The Fraught World of Workplace Justice (Toronto: Sutherland House, 2023)
  2. "The Law of Trade Secrets and Confidential Information in Canada (Toronto: LexisNexis, 2023)
 Refereed Publications
Selected Academic Publications
  1. “Privacy in the Future Era of AI,” Human-Centered AI A Multidisciplinary Perspective for Policy-Makers, Auditors, and Users, ed. Catherine Regis et al., Routledge (March 2024)
  2. Weaponizing Cross-Border Data Flows: An Opportunity for NATO?,” NATO CCDCOE, 15th International Conference on Cyber Conflict: Meeting Reality (2023)
  3. "The Costs of Reconciliation," Supreme Court Law Review, Vol. 111 (August 2023)
  4. with Russ Walton, "Comparing Canada’s Proposed Critical Cyber Systems Protections Act with Cyber Security Legal Requirements in the EU," International Cybersecurity Law Review (March 2023)
  5. Lessons from ArriveCAN:  Access to Information and Justice During A Glitch,” Intellectual Property Journal (Spring 2023)
  6. "Third-Party Record Exemptions In Canada’s Access To Information Act: A Growing Problem For AI And ADM," CIGI, Policy Brief Series (May 2022)
  7. "Non-competes and Existing Protections for Confidential Information and Trade Secrets: Reconsidering the Public Interest," Canadian Intellectual Property Review, Vol. 37 (Winter 2022)
  8. "A Comparative History of the Law of Confidential Information and Trade Secrets in Canada and the United States: Towards Harmonization?," Intellectual Property Journal, 34:1 (Winter 2022)
  9. "IP, Encryption, and the Threat to Public Safety," Manitoba Law Journal (Winter 2022)
  10. "Vers l’harmonisation du droit des renseignements de nature confidentielle et des secrets industriels au Canada et aux États-Unis", Les Cahiers de propriété intellectuelle, 33:3 (October 2021)
  11. "Evolving Threats to California's General Prohibition Against Restraints on Trade," UC Davis Business Law Journal, 21:2 (Fall 2021)
  12. "Consequences of the Criminalization of Trade Secrets in Canada," UBC Law Review, 54:2 (August 2021)
  13. “On the (Data) Breach of Confidence,” Alberta Law Review, 58:4 (Summer 2021)
  14. “Criminal Enforcement of Trade Secret Theft: Strategic Considerations for Canadian SMEs,” Technology Information Management Review (November 2020)
  15. “Trade Secrets, Big Data, and the Future of Public Interest Litigation Over Artificial Intelligence in Canada,” Canadian Intellectual Property Review (October 2019)
  16. “Judicial Scrutiny of Third Party Litigation Funding Agreements in Canadian Class Actions,” Canadian Class Action Review, 13:2 (November 2018)
  17. “Gamete Donor Anonymity in Canada: An Overview of Potential Policy Solutions,” Windsor Review of Legal and Social Issues, Volume 38 (May 2017)
  18. “A Need To Know Basis? Canadian Federalism and the Disclosure of Egg and Sperm Donor Identity,” Health Law in Canada (May 2017)
  19. “Standing in the Way: Comparing Constraints on Access to Justice After the Liberalization of Public Interest Standing in Canada and Israel,” The Advocates’ Quarterly (March 2017)
AWI Journal
  1. "Complaint!” AWI Journal (January 2024)
  2. “The Duty of Care Owed by Lawyer-Investigators to Parties: Lessons from the Ontario Case of Mezikhovych v. Kokosis,” AWI Journal (September 2023)
  3. “37 Words: Title IX and Fifty Years of Fighting Sex Discrimination,” AWI Journal (December 2022)
Book Reviews
  1. “Taking Nazi Technology: Allied Exploitation of Nazi Technology After the Second World War,” Canadian Army Journal (2024) 20:2
  2. "Atlas to AI," Canadian Geographer (2022)
  3. “Smart Cities in Canada,” Osgoode Hall Law Journal 58:3 (2021)
  4. "Telecom Tensions," Canadian Journal of Law and Technology (Fall 2021)
 Selected Popular Writing
  1. "A Canadian federal ban on non-compete agreements is long overdue,” The Globe and Mail, April 23, 2024
  2. Trudeau promised radical transparency. Instead, he has exacerbated closed government,” The Hub, February 23, 2024
  3. Canada’s tech policies and priorities aren’t doing enough to make citizens safer online,” Policy Options, January 17, 2024
  4. Why is the federal government so inept in policing apps like TikTok?,” The Globe and Mail, January 8, 2024
  5. Canada’s CyberSecure Certificate Program was a Misfire – One We’re Already Repeating,” CIGI, November 15, 2023
  6. It's Time for Canada to Ban Social Media Apps on Government-Issued Devices,” CIGI, September 20, 2023
  7. Internal CRTC files show poor probe of Rogers outage – it deserves its own scrutiny,” The Globe and Mail, August 29, 2023
  8. Canada’s access to information system is not ready for AI,” The Globe and Mail, June 28, 2023
  9. "A Report Card on the Canadian Federal Government’s Response to Data Breaches,” CIGI, June 7, 2023
  10. Only a quarter of Canadians trust government to regulate artificial intelligence – no surprise,The Globe and Mail, May 26, 2023
  11. The Supreme Court of Canada’s Public Outreach Efforts Need Better Transparency,Slaw, May 1, 2023
  12. with Russ Walton, “Canada’s Proposed Cybersecurity Law Is Flawed, but Can Be Salvaged,” CIGI, April 4, 2023
  13. Our airline regulators should be fired for their inaction in protecting passengers,” The Globe and Mail, February 8, 2023
  14. The CBC and Ontario mandate letters dispute is a distraction from bigger access to information problems,” The Hub, February 2, 2023
  15. "The truck convoy demonstrates our double standard on releasing personal information,” The Globe and Mail, December 16, 2022
  16. Chinese spying case of Hydro-Québec shows Canada’s weakness in tackling economic espionage,” The Globe and Mail, November 17, 2022
  17. "Quand les chiens de garde réglementaires ont peur de mordre", Options politiques, le 13 octobre 2022
  18. "Too many Canadian regulatory watchdogs aren't serving the public interest," Policy Options, October 13, 2022
  19. with Bianca Wylie, “Canada’s ArriveCAN App Is Fostering Inequity at the Border,” CIGI, September 9, 2022
  20. "Le dangereux précédent d’ArriveCAN,” Le Devoirle 24 août 2022
  21. “Can We Trust ArriveCAN? Not without Transparency and Accountability,” CIGI, August 10, 2022
  22. "The ArriveCAN app needs to go," The Globe and Mail, August 8, 2022
  23. "Free votes on conscience issues are a poison pill for the Conservative Party," The Hub, July 27, 2022
  24. Canada should legally require businesses to run cyber drills,” TVO, July 6, 2022
  25. "How Recent Trade Agreements Are Regulating the Digital Economy," Conference Board of Canada, Issue Briefing, May 18, 2022
  26. "Beverley McLachlin should step down from the Hong Court of Final Appeal," CBC, April 7, 2022
  27. "Better competition law starts with citizen empowerment," Toronto Star, February 18, 2022
  28. “Ethical Hackers Deserve Plaudits, Not Punishments,” CIGI, December 23, 2021
  29. “Why We Need A Canada Trade Secrets Act,” Slaw November 26, 2021
  30. "Ontario's proposed non-compete legislation empowers workers -- and it should go even further," The Globe and Mail, October 26, 2021
  31. "Canadian Businesses Need Better Tools To Report Cybercrime," Policy Options, October 12, 2021
  32. "Why Isn't Canada Prosecuting IP Crime?," The Hill Times, October 11, 2021
  33. "Canadian Businesses Need a Trade Secrets Act," Toronto Star, September 25, 2021
  34. "Non-Competes Are Holding Canada Back -- So Let's Ban Them," C. D. Howe Institute, September 22, 2021
  35. "Les clauses de non-concurrence nuisent l’économie du Québec et l’innovation – interdisons-les," Le Devoir, le 2 août 2021
  36. "5 Tips for Handling Anonymous Complaints," VMLC, April 20, 2021
  37. with Daniel P. Levison, et al., “The Impact of the U.S. Supreme Court’s Decision in Bostock on LGBT Discrimination in the Workplace: Practical Tips for Japanese Companies,” Morrison & Foerster Insights, August 2020
  38. with Andrew Turnbull, “Protecting Pride: Supreme Court Holds Title VII Prohibits Workplace Discrimination on the Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity,” Morrison & Foerster Employment Law Commentary, June 2020
  39. with Janie Schulman, et al., “DOL Issues Regulations for Paid Leave under the Families First Coronavirus Response Act,” Morrison & Foerster Employment Law Commentary, April 2020
  40. with Janie Schulman, et al., “EEOC Issues ‘Return to Work’ COVID-19 Guidelines for Employers,” Morrison & Foerster Employment Law Commentary, April 2020
  41. with Janie Schulman, et al., “CARES Act – What Employers Should Know (Part II): Unemployment Insurance Benefits,” Morrison & Foerster Employment Law Commentary, March 2020
  42. with Janie Schulman, “CARES Act – What Employers Should Know (Part I): Paid Emergency Sick Leave and Public Health Emergency Leave and More,” Morrison & Foerster Employment Law Commentary, March 2020
  43. “Let Us Pray: The Challenge of Accommodating Muslim Prayer in the Workplace,” Morrison & Foerster Employment Law Commentary, 29:7, July 2017
  44. with E. Richard Gold, “Why Women Over 40 Are Having More Babies,” CIGI March 2017
  45. "Warning Signs,” Quid Novi, January 3, 2017
 Selected Presentations, Conferences, and Workshops
  1. "Use of Social Media Platforms for Data Harvesting and Unethical or Illicit Sharing of Personal Information with Foreign Entities,” House of Commons Standing Committee on Access to Information, Privacy and Ethics, December 4, 2023.  (Invited as expert)
  2. Research Security Conference, University of Calgary, October 25-27, 2023 (moderated “Navigating Sanctions and Export Controls in Academia”).
  3. Cybersecurity Law and Policy Scholars Conference, Tufts University, September 29–30, 2023 (presented “Establishing Reasonable Cybersecurity Standards Through Trade Secret Law”).
  4. Association of Workplace Investigators Training Institute, Orlando, August 21-25, 2023 (teaching faculty)
  5. “Canadian Security and Defense Network 2023 Summer Institute,” Carleton University, August 14-18, 2023
  6. “Comparing Canada’s Proposed Critical Cyber Systems Protections Act with Cyber Security Legal Requirements in the EU,” Università di Bologna, June 9, 2023
  7. "15th International Conference on Cyber Conflict” (CyCon 2023), NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, May 30-June 2, 2023. (Presenting “Weaponizing Cross-Border Data Flows”)
  8. “Law and Antisemitism 2nd Annual Conference,”  Lewis and Clark Law School, March 26-27, 2023. (Presenting on “Legacy and Future of Antisemitism”)
  9. Privacy Concerns in Relation to the ArriveCAN Application,” House of Commons Standing Committee on Access to Information, Privacy and Ethics, November 28, 2022.  (Invited as expert)
  10. "2022 HC2P Workshop," Human-Centric Cybersecurity Partnership, Université de Montréal, October 7, 2022.  (Presented "Digital Twins: Cybersecurity Prospects, Pitfalls, and Recommendations")
  11. “IBIL Ph.D. Conference 2022," Institute of Brand and Innovation Law, University College London, June 22, 2022. (Presenting "The Objective Utilitarianism of Trade Secret and Confidential Information Law: A Comment on the Public Interest Limiting Principle")
  12. "AIPPI Annual Conference," Association Internationale pour la Protection de la Propriété Intellectuelle conférence annuelle, November 25, 2021. (Presented "Why Canada Needs a Trade Secrets Act")
  13. “Global AI + Regulation," 2021 Centre for Law, Technology and Society, University of Ottawa, November 5, 2021. (Presented "Trade Secrets in the Access to Information Act: Addressing a Key Barrier to Transparency and Accountability in Automated Decision-Making" with discussant Rebecca Wexler)
  14. “Area Studies and Its Discontents,” 2018 Department of Middle Eastern, South Asian and African Studies Graduate Studies Conference, Columbia University. February 22-23, 2018. (Presented "Over the Rainbow: The Dilemmas of a ‘Gay and Lesbian and Democratic’ State" with discussant Gil Anidjar)
Matt Malone