Introduction to Water Chemistry
This course provides the fundamentals of chemistry as it applies to the water industry. The intent is to lay the foundation for operators to understand more advanced theories involving chemical reactions in water. Topics include the theory behind pH, alkalinity and titrations. These topics are supported by concepts such as chemical equations, equilibriums, acid base theory and buffering capacity.
Industry experience or completion of level two portion of the Water Treatment Technology program.
Upon completion of Introduction of Water Chemistry, the student should be able to:
- Explain the polar nature of water and its unique properties
- Describe the cycling of water in the environment and the concept of residence time
- List the steps in a general analytical method and explain the things that must be considered when choosing an analytical method.
- Predict whether a reaction is at equilibrium and write the equilibrium constant expressionsManipulate chemical reaction equations and the corresponding equilibrium constant expressions
- Define Arrenhius and Bronsted-Lowry acids and bases
- Write acid and base ionization constant reactions and expressions
- Compare the strength of acids and bases
- Relate pH, pOH, [H3O+] and [OH-]
- Discuss the common methods of measuring pH
- Explain the process of titration
- Define alkalinity and outline the method for experimental determination
- Discuss the buffering capacity of water
- Explain the relationship between water quality and water treatment
- Write solubility-product expressions
- Polar nature of water
- Cycling of water and residence time
- Analytical method
- Equilibrium constant expressions
- Chemical reaction equation and
- Arrenhius and Bronsted-Lowry acids and bases
- Ionization constant reactions and expressions
- Acids and bases
- Measuring pH
- Buffering capacity of water
- Water quality and water treatment
- Solubility-product expressions
Required Text and Materials
Students registering for this course will have to source the following textbook on their own:
Note: The textbook below is used in WTTP 2051, WTTP 2061 and WTTP 2071.
Sawyer C., McCarty, P., & Parkin G . Chemistry for Environmental and Engineering
Science. 5th Edition. Toronto: McGraw-Hill, 2003.
Type: ISBN-13: 978-0-07-248066-5/ISBN-10: 0-07-248066-1.
Students require a computer and internet access.
Open Learning Faculty Member
An Open Learning Faculty Member is available to assist students. Primary communication is through Blackboard's "Mail" tool or by phone. Students will receive the necessary contact information when starting the course.
In order to complete this course successfully, students must obtain at least 50 per cent on the final mandatory examination and in the course overall.
Students taking this course and applying it towards a Certificate I, II, or III or Water Treatment Diploma must obtain a minimum 60% average in the course overall to meet program requirements.
The final assessment will be determined on the following basis.