This course provides an introduction to the criminal justice system. The course content
includes an introduction to the way criminal ustice operates and also examines the way the police
are organized and operate in Canada. The consideration of the criminal courts and the operation
of the correctional system is included.
This course examines the Canadian criminal justice system from a systems approach. Criminal
incidents are followed through the system from detection and apprehension of the offender to the
end of any formal or informal disposition. The factors involved in the discretion, decisions and
practices of the entire system, including the functions and dysfunctions of the system are
analyzed and current issues and reform initiatives are reviewed.
After successfully completing this course, you will be able to:
- Analyze criminal justice from a systems perspective.
- Review patterns of crime and victimization
- Review the role of the public and the media in criminal justice
- Define the passage of an offender through the sub-components of the Canadian criminal justice
- Describe the structure and function of the following components of criminal justice: the
police, victim services, the courts, probation and community corrections, jails and
penitentiaries, parole (federal and provincial), Identify current criminal justice issues and
challenges for reform.
CRIM 2521: Introduction to the Canadian Criminal Justice System includes the following
- Unit 1: The Foundations of Criminal Justice
- Unit 2: Understanding the Criminal Justice System
- Unit 3: Considerations in the Study of Criminal Justice
- Unit 4: The Structure and Roles of The Police
- Unit 5: Police Powers and Decision Making
- Unit 6: Police Strategies, Operations, and Engagement
- Unit 7: The Structure and Operation of Canadian Courts
- Unit 8: The Prosecution of Criminal Cases
- Unit 9: Sentencing
- Unit 10: History, Attributes of Correctional Institutions, and Treatment
- Unit 11: Corrections in the Community, Alternatives to Confinement and Release, Reentry, and
- Unit 12: Going Forward—Challenges to and Opportunities for Criminal Justice Reform
Required text and materials
Griffiths, C. T. (2019). Canadian criminal justice: A primer + Minute School Postcard
(6th ed.). Toronto, ON: Nelson Education.
Type: Textbook; ISBN: 978-0-17-672440-5
Please be aware that due to COVID-19 safety guidelines all in-person exams have been suspended. As such, all final exams are currently being delivered through ProctorU, which has an approximate fee of $35 involved. There will be more information in your course shell, on how to apply, if your course has a final exam.
To complete this course successfully, you must achieve a passing grade of 50% or higher on the
overall course and 50% or higher on the mandatory Final Exam. The following table shows how your
final grade will be determined for this course.
|Final Exam (mandatory)
Open Learning Faculty Member
An Open Learning Faculty Member is available to assist students. Primary communication through
the Learning Environment’s “Mail” tool or by phone. Students will receive the necessary contact
information at the start of the course.