# COMP 2231: Data Structures and Algorithms

Students are introduced to new types of data structures such as trees (including binary and multiway trees), heaps, stacks, and queues. Students also design new algorithms for each data structure studied, create and perform simple operations on graph data structures, describe and implement common algorithms for working with advanced data structures, and recognize which data structure is the most appropriate for solving a particular problem.

## Learning outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

• Work with procedural and object-oriented aspects of the Java language.
• Develop sound techniques on designing, developing, and documenting well-structured programs using proper software engineering principles.
• Continue to apply problem solving skills and provide a foundation for advanced programming courses using an OOP (object-oriented programming) methodology.
• Describe and implement common data structures––lists, stacks, queues, graphs, and trees––for solving complex programming problems.
• Use mathematical techniques to analyse the efficiency of the various algorithms presented, as well as the common operations on the data structures discussed.

## Course topics

The chapter titles in the textbook are a good indicator of the topics covered in this course:

• Module 1: Analysis of Algorithms(Chapter 11) & Searching and Sorting (Chapter 18)
• Module 2: Stacks (Chapters 12& 13) & Queues (Chapter 14)
• Module 3: Lists (Chapter 15) & Iterators (Chapter 16)
• Module 4: Trees (Chapter 19) & Binary Search Trees (Chapter 20)
• Module 5: Heaps and Priority Queues (Chapter 21), Graphs (Chapter 24) & Hashing (Appendix I)

## Required text and materials

COMP 2231 is a companion course to COMP 1131 and 1231 and the textbook listed below is provided to students in COMP 1131.

If you did not take COMP 1131 and do not already own the required materials, you will need to purchase them on your own.

1. Chase, J., Lewis, J., and DePasquale, P. (2020). Java foundations: Introduction to program design & data structures. (5th ed.) Toronto, ON, Pearson: Addison-Wesley.
Type: Textbook: ISBN: 978-0-13-520597-6

Java Development Environment: Since this is a programming course, you will also require a development environment to compile and run your programs. Module 1 contains instructions for installing either JCreator LE or Eclipse for the Windows environment, or BlueJ for the Apple Mac environment. All of these are suitable for a learning programmer. The environment you may have used for COMP 1131 and 1231 is sufficient for this course as well. .