Students examine the structure, function, synthesis and degradation of macromole¬cules
(carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins). The biochemistry of DNA repair and
intracellular transport of proteins is also addressed.
Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
- Summarize the concepts learnt in Introductory Biochemistry course.
- Compare and contrast the polysaccharides used for energy storage with those having a
structural function. Describe how these macromolecules are synthesized and discuss metabolic
- Describe how the structure of triacylglycerols (TAGs) and membrane lipids suit their
respective functions and explain how they are synthesized.
- Describe the three components of a nucleotide and describe the structure of nucleic acids.
- Explain the process of DNA synthesis, including initiation and processing in prokaryotes and
- Describe how mutations arise and how DNA is repaired.
- Describe DNA fingerprinting, sequencing and illustrate polymerase chain reaction.
- Describe how RNA is synthesized from DNA (the process of transcription).
- Compare and contrast how prokaryotes and eukaryotes regulate their gene expression.
- Describe how proteins are synthesized from mRNA. Discuss the functions of ribosomes and tRNA
in the process of translation.
- Explain how proteins fold and how their form suits their function and describe common
secondary structure elements
- Describe how proteins are transported to their cellular locations.
- Explain the importance of protein degradation and describe how it occurs.
- Communicate scientific knowledge and results effectively.
- Critically evaluate scientific literature and communicate your critique effectively.
- Lesson 1: Course Introduction
- Lesson 2: Polysaccharides
- Lesson 3: Lipids
- Lesson 4: DNA Synthesis
- Lesson 5: DNA Mutation and Repair
- Lesson 6: DNA Technologies
- Lesson 7: Review Lessons 1 to 6
- Lesson 8: RNA Synthesis and Transcription
- Lesson 9: Protein Synthesis
- Lesson 10: Protein Form and Function
- Lesson 11: Protein Transport
- Lesson 12: Review Lessons 8 to 11
Required text and materials
The following text would have been purchased in BIOL 3131. If students don't already own the
required textbook, please be aware that students will need to purchase it. To do so, please
contact Enrolment Services at email@example.com or
1.800.663.9711 (toll-free in Canada), 250.852.7000 (Kamloops, BC), and 1.250.852.7000
- Nelson D, Cox M. 2021. Lehninger: Principles of biochemistry & Achieve for Lehninger
Principles of Biochemistry. 8th ed. New York (NY): W. H. Freeman and Company.
Loose-Leaf textbook: ISBN: 978-1-319-40888-6.
Please be aware that should your course have a final exam, you are responsible for the fee to the online proctoring service, ProctorU, or to the in-person approved Testing Centre. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org with any questions about this.
To successfully complete this course, students must achieve a passing grade of 50% or higher on
the overall course, and 50% or higher on the final mandatory exam.
|Assignment 1: Artique Critique
|Quiz 1 (Lessons 2 & 3)
|Problem Discussions Part A (Answer 2 of 6)
|Quiz 2 (Lessons 4 to 6)
|Assignment 2: Questions (Lessons 2 to 6)
|Quiz 3 (Lessons 8 to 10)
|Clinical Case Study Presentation
|Problem Discussions Part B (Answer 2 of 6)
|Assignment 3: Questions (Lesson 8 to 11)
|Final Exam (mandatory)
Open Learning Faculty Member Information
An Open Learning Faculty Member is available to assist students. Students will receive the necessary contact information at the start of the course.