BIOL 1693: Anatomy and Physiology II

Continuing from BIOL 1593: Anatomy and Physiology I, this is the second of two comprehensive theory courses, in which students survey the anatomy and physiology of all the human body systems, with an emphasis on the relationship between a body organ's structure and its function. Students who have little formal knowledge of the human body but who wish to train for a career in health-related professions are invited to take this course.

BIOL 1695, the laboratory component of BIOL 1693, is usually offered once per year in the summertime in Kamloops BC.


After completing this course, students will be able to:

  • Describe the structure and function of each of the following systems: endocrine; cardiovascular, including blood, the heart, and blood vessels; lymphatic; respiratory; digestive; urinary; and reproductive.
  • Discuss nutrition and metabolism.
  • Discuss fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base homeostasis.
  • Discuss development and inheritance.

Course outline

  • Module 1: The Endocrine System
  • Module 2: The Cardiovascular System: Blood
  • Module 3: The Cardiovascular System: The Heart
  • Module 4: The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels and Circulation
  • Module 5: The Lymphatic System, Nonspecific Resistance to Disease, and Immunity
  • Module 6: The Respiratory System
  • Module 7: The Digestive System
  • Module 8: Nutrition and Metabolism
  • Module 9: The Urinary System
  • Module 10: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
  • Module 11: The Reproductive Systems
  • Module 12: Development and Inheritance

Required text and materials

Tortora, G. J., & Derrickson, B. (2017). Introduction to the human body: The essentials of anatomy and physiology with WileyPLUS (11th ed.). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Type: Loose-leaf Textbook: ISBN: 978-1-119-39691-8

This is a companion course to BIOL 1593, therefore, there is no materials package for this course.

If students did not take BIOL 1593 and/or don't already own the required textbook, please be aware that students will need to purchase it. To do so, please contact Enrolment Services at or 1.800.663.9711 (toll-free in Canada), 250.852.7000 (Kamloops, BC), and 1.250.852.7000 (International).


Please be aware that due to COVID-19 safety guidelines all in-person exams have been suspended. As such, all final exams are currently being delivered through ProctorU, which has an approximate fee of $35 involved. There will be more information in your course shell, on how to apply, if your course has a final exam.

To successfully complete this course, you must achieve a passing grade of 50% or higher on the overall course and 50% or higher on the mandatory Final Exam. Students applying this course towards any TRU Health Care program may be required to obtain a minimum 60% on the course overall to meet program requirements.

Midterm 1 25%
Midterm 2 25%
Final Exam* 50%
Total 100%


Open Learning Faculty Member

An Open Learning Faculty Member is available to assist students. Primary communication is through the Learning Environment's "Mail" tool or by phone. Students will receive the necessary contact information at start of course.

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