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Thompson Rivers University
Thompson Rivers University

BIOL 1695: Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory II

This in-person laboratory course is the second half of the laboratory component generally required for a fundamental first-year anatomy and physiology course. This course covers the nervous system and the senses in addition to the endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, urinary, digestive and reproductive systems.


Learning outcomes

  • Describe the structure and function of each of the following systems: endocrine; cardiovascular, including blood, the heart, and blood vessels; lymphatic; respiratory; digestive; urinary; and reproductive.
  • Discuss nutrition and metabolism.
  • Discuss fluid, electrolyte and acid-base homeostasis.
  • Discuss development and inheritance.

Course topics

  • Lab #1 Rat Dissection
  • Lab #2 The Senses: Eye and Ear
  • Lab #3 The Brain, Spinal Cord, and Reflex Arcs
  • Lab #4 Endocrinology
  • Lab #5 The Circulatory System and the Heart

(Lab Exam I)

  • Lab #6 The Lymphoid System and Immunity
  • Lab #7 The Respiratory System and Spirometry
  • Lab #8 The Urinary System
  • Lab #9 The Digestive System
  • Lab #10 The Reproductive System

(Lab Exam II)

Required text and materials

Students will be required to print their own laboratory manual prior to their first day in class. Other supplies will be provided during the lab. For safety reasons, students must wear closed shoes. No open-toed shoes or sandals are permitted in the labs.

Any current edition of:

  • Tortora, G. & Derrickson, B. Introduction to the human body: The essentials of anatomy and physiology. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,



Assessment will be based on two mandatory laboratory examinations held during the laboratory session. Students must pass each mandatory laboratory exam with a minimum of 50%, and achieve 50% overall in the laboratory course.

Lab Exam I 50%
Lab Exam II 50%
Total 100%
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