SOCW 2121
Social Welfare in Canada

3.0 Credits

Description

This course provides an overview of the income security system in Canada - its development, programs, and major policy debates. It is intended for those seeking an understanding of the many income security programs and policies, how they reflect ideologies, and how effectively they work (or fail to work) in practice. This course provides an overview of social welfare in Canada - its historical foundations, developmental and program delivery system. The course will consider how social policy responds to populations in need.

Delivery Method

Print, self-paced and Online, self-paced

Prerequisites

None

Recommended Requisites

It is recommended, though not necessary, that students take SOCW 2061 before taking SOCW 2121 as some of the theoretical concepts in SOCW 2061 provide a foundation for the material in SOCW 2121.

Objectives

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Define social welfare and describe its relationship to social service programs and to individual well being
  • Understand how different political ideologies frame social welfare in Canada
  • Understand the process of social policy development from problem identification to policy implementation
  • Describe historical socio-political factors that have influenced the major phases of social welfare provision in Canada
  • Describe the range and organization of social service agencies that are responsible for providing social welfare programs to Canadians
  • Explain the various roles that professional and non professional helpers provide in the delivery of social welfare and their influence in promoting change in policy development
  • Recognize the incidence and impact of poverty on Canadians and the associated issues for people living in poverty
  • Critically think about the feminization of poverty and how social welfare policy can reinforce issues of dominance and inequality
  • Understand the umbrella concept of child welfare in social welfare policy; as well as the implications of child maltreatment and the social welfare response
  • Examine the changing social knowledge about older Canadians; the current population indicators and the social policy framework.
  • Understand the historical aboriginal social welfare policies and their effect on aboriginal people's lives today
  • Consider how immigration policies and social welfare policies support or exclude members of racialized groups in their integration, or social inclusion, in Canada
  • Review Canadian attitudes and beliefs towards people with physical and mental disabilities and the perspectives that inform national policies

Course Outline

SOCW 2121 comprises twelve modules of study. These modules introduce the topic to be discussed and provide learning objectives to guide your learning.

Module 1: The purpose and function of social welfare

  • Define social welfare, social policy, income security, social programs & social services
  • Describe the differing political ideologies addressing private troubles and public issues
  • Identify different approaches to social welfare

Module 2: The Process of Social Welfare Policy Development in Canada

  • Describe the relationship between social conditions, social issues and social problems
  • Understand the stages of social welfare policy development, using process and logic models
  • Describe how a piece of policy becomes law
  • Understand policy analysis from an inclusion lens

Module 3: History of Social Welfare in Canada

  • Describe the origins of social welfare in Canada
  • Explain the impact of industrialization, WWII and the rise of social movements such as women's rights and child welfare on social policy
  • Describe the expansion of social welfare programs to mid 1970s
  • Describe the social reforms from 1980 and beyond during economic downturns.
  • Recognize the different historical experiences of Aboriginal people

Module 4: The Service Delivery System

  • Describe the public, commercial, and voluntary service sectors
  • Examine service delivery governance models for the delivery of social welfare programs
  • Examine characteristics of the social economic sector in delivering social welfare
  • Describe community based models of providing a system of social welfare services
  • Examine a conceptual organizational framework for the provision of direct and indirect community services
  • Review different organizational models for the delivery of social welfare.

Module 5: Service Provision in the delivery of Social Welfare

  • Examine the range of helping approaches in the delivery of social welfare
  • Examine the rewards and challenges of professional practice
  • Describe the volunteer and unpaid caregiver roles in the delivery of social welfare
  • Describe methods of providing change at the micro, mezzo, and macro system levels

Module 6: Income Security

  • Recognize the incidence and impact of poverty on Canadians and the associated issues for people living in poverty
  • Describe and discuss measures of poverty
  • Explain the social consequences of poverty
  • Describe Canada's social policy response to poverty
  • Describe the experiences of living an 'administered' life

Module 7: Feminization of Poverty

  • Critically think about the feminization of poverty and how social welfare policy can reinforce issues of dominance and inequality
  • Understand and described the "feminization of poverty"
  • Explain structural issues related to women's poverty
  • Describe the gendered nature of social policy and the impacts on women

Module 8: Social Welfare of Children and Youth

  • Describe and analyze the social welfare paradigm shift from child poverty to child health and development
  • Describe the developmental needs of children and the impact of family type on child and youth development
  • Describe the interrelationship between national child welfare policies and children's needs
  • Analyze the structural causes and policy implications of child poverty
  • Describe income security and child welfare issues related to youth
  • Describe the economic and social context of child neglect

Module 9: Social Welfare and Older Canadians

  • Describe the changing social knowledge about older Canadians
  • Describe the social policy context for Older Canadians
  • Describe the well-being of older Canadians in terms of health and economic security
  • Describe the social policy principles for supporting and caring for older Canadians.
  • Identify emerging social issues for older Canadians

Module 10: Social Welfare and Aboriginal Canadians

  • Understand the historical aboriginal social welfare policies and their effect on aboriginal people's lives today
  • Identify holistic social welfare policy frameworks meaningful to aboriginal peoples
  • Describe social policy initiatives that support healing and wellness in Aboriginal communities
  • Examine the differences for social policy working with First Nations on reserves, Urban aboriginal people and for Aboriginal children.
  • Describe the overrepresentation of aboriginal children in child welfare and the complex public policy associated with child protection services and aboriginal children.

Module 11: Social Welfare and Racialized minorities

  • Consider how immigration policies and social welfare policies support or exclude members of racialized groups in their integration, or social inclusion, in Canada
  • Describe the social and economic conditions of racialized groups living in poverty
  • Describe the settlement patterns and issues that occur for newcomers
  • Explore issues of individual, systemic and cultural racism

Module 12: Social Welfare and People with Disabilities

  • Explore the social attitudes towards people with physical and mental disabilities and how these beliefs shape social welfare policy
  • Define the major perspectives about people with disabilities
  • Describe the intersectionality of ability with other vulnerable populations
  • Identify social welfare policies of particular relevance to people with disabilities
  • Describe social policy initiatives that support the full participation of people with disabilities.

Maximum Completion

30 weeks.

Required Text and Materials

Students will receive all course materials including the textbook in their course package.

Chappel, Rosalie. Social Welfare in Canadian Society. 5th Edition. Nelson Education, 2010.
Type: Textbook: ISBN 978-0-17-651543-0

Print students: This course also includes video, some of which will be on the DVD provided with your course package. Other videos will be available online, so you may want to go to your local library or school to view them.

Additional Requirements

Print students will require Internet access and/or a DVD player; and web students will require a computer with Internet access.

Open Learning Faculty Member Information

An Open Learning Faculty Member is available to assist students. Primary communication through the Learning Environment's "Mail" tool or by phone. Students will receive the necessary contact information at the start of the course.

Assessment

In order to successfully complete this course, you must obtain at least 50% on the mandatory Final Project and 50% overall. It is strongly recommended that students complete all assignments in order to achieve the learning objectives of the course.

However, please note that for this course to apply to the completion of your Social Service Worker Certificate, you must obtain a grade of 60%, or higher, overall in the course.

Your final grade for the course is determined on the following basis:

Assignment 1 - Critical Reflection 1.1 - 3.2 10%
Assignment 2 - Media Analysis/Letter Response 25%
Assignment 3 - Critical Reflection Journal 4.1 - 5.2 10%
Assignment 4 - Critical Reflection 6.1 - 8.2 10%
Assignment 5- Critical Reflection 9.1 - 12.1 10%
Final Project Research Paper * 35%
TOTAL 100%

* Mandatory