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Thompson Rivers University
Thompson Rivers University

MDLB 1321: Phlebotomy Procedures and Specimen Preparation

This in-depth course examines the practice of phlebotomy and provides a comprehensive back-ground in the related theory and principles. The course also covers the theory of body fluid analysis, automated instrument loading, slide staining, and laboratory information systems. Practitioner safety is emphasized throughout the course.

Learning outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Identify the components and functions of the circulatory system.
  • List, describe, and explain the purpose of blood collection equipment and supplies.
  • List the order of draw when collecting multiple tubes and explain its importance.
  • Describe the proper approach to identification of the patient.
  • Describe and explain the venipuncture procedure.
  • Identify the differences associated with drawing blood from special populations.
  • Understand the complications of blood collections.
  • Describe and explain the capillary puncture procedure.
  • Define and explain point-of-care testing and equipment required.
  • Identify and describe the types of non-blood specimens.
  • Describe the flow of specimens through the laboratory using an information management system.
  • Identify billing information for various circumstances.
  • Describe the routine and special handling procedures for lab specimens.
  • Describe the steps involved in processing different types of specimens.
  • Describe the types, storage processes, and examination techniques of urine specimens.
  • Describe the use, operating and cleaning procedures for identified laboratory equipment.

Course topics

  • Module A: Circulatory System Review
  • Module B: Blood Collection Equipment
  • Module C: Venipuncture Procedures
  • Module D: Complications of Blood Collections
  • Module E: Capillary Puncture Equipment and Procedures Overview
  • Module F: Special Collections and Point-of-Care Testing
  • Module G: Computers and Specimen Handling
  • Module H: Pre-Analytical Specimen Processing
  • Module I: Non-Blood Specimens and Tests

Required text and materials

The following materials would have been purchased in MDLB 1221. If you did not take MDLB 1221 and don’t already own the required materials, you will need to purchase them. To do so, please contact Enrolment Services at or 1.800.663.9711 (toll-free in Canada) or 250.852.7000 (Kamloops, BC), or 1.250.852.7000 (International).

  1. McCall, R. E. (2020). Phlebotomy essentials (7th enhanced ed.) Jones & Bartlett Learning.
    Type: Textbook ISBN: 978-1-284-20994-5


Please be aware that should your course have a final exam, you are responsible for the fee to the online proctoring service, ProctorU, or to the in-person approved Testing Centre. Please contact with any questions about this.

To successfully complete this course, students must achieve a passing grade of 50% or higher on the overall course and 50% or higher on the final mandatory examination.

Students applying this course toward any TRU Health Care program may be required to obtain a minimum 60% on the course overall to meet program requirements.

Quiz 1: Modules A, B, and C 20%
Quiz 2: Modules D, E, and F 20%
Quiz 3: Modules G, H, and I 20%
Final examination (mandatory) 40%

Open Learning Faculty Member Information

An Open Learning Faculty Member is available to assist students. Students will receive the necessary contact information at the start of the course.

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