We all need water to live. It is good to keep in mind that there is a limited supply of water available and that we need to focus on conserving it.
Further, water production can be expensive (cost of pumping, chemicals, treatment, and labour) and demand is always increasing, requiring expensive infrastructure expansion to meet consumption needs.
Water conservation is of particular importance to small water systems because unnecessary use or loss of water from the system can have a major impact on the supply.
Water conservation is about the efficient use of water. Water is normally provided for domestic, commercial, agricultural, and institutional users—for consumption, cooking, cleaning, irrigation, filling of pools, and fire protection.
Some ways in which water is wasted:
- leaking plumbing
- overwatering of vegetation
- running of taps or watering troughs in the winter to prevent freezing
Water system owners and operators should develop their own water conservation programs to address:
- reducing water loss through leakage and flushing
- educating and communicating with users
- providing conservation incentives
- possibly installing water meters
- developing alternate sources
- using low-flow toilets, faucets, and other plumbing fixtures