Spring water is often portrayed as a mystic source of cool, clean drinking water. This picture can be seen in advertising on TV, and in print, and on the labels of bottles.
In fact, spring water really can be cool, clean, and drinkable.
On the other hand, springs sometimes can have the characteristics of surface water and/or ground water, so they must be dealt with accordingly in order to produce safe water.
Surface Water or Ground Water?
Springs are ground water sources that reach the surface of the ground.
Water that is provided by a spring is accessible either before or after it reaches the ground’s surface. When spring water is exposed it is a form of surface water and when not exposed, it is a form of ground water. Where it is accessed dictates how the water should be treated.
A properly constructed spring source can provide the best of both worlds: the protection of ground water and the easy access of surface water. Often springs have not been developed properly and are just open surface water; these types of springs are very susceptible to contamination. If possible, a spring should be developed in the same way you would develop a shallow well.