Thompson Rivers University
Thompson Rivers University

Abbreviations, Acronyms and Initialisms

Acronym: a word, usually pronounced as such, formed from the initial letters of other words.

laser, scuba, NATO

Initialism: a group of initial letters used as an abbreviation for a name or expression, each letter being pronounced separately.

CBC, TRU, FYI

Lower case

Use periods with abbreviations that appear in lower case.

e.g., a.k.a., a.m., p.m., et al., vs., etc.

Upper case

Use no periods with abbreviations that appear in upper case or small caps.

VP, USA (US), CEO, TRU

Use no periods with acronyms and initialisms.

Place course codes in upper case.

SERV 3000

Place acronyms in upper case except when they have become common words.

UNESCO, NATO, scuba, laser

Place initialisms in upper case.

TRU, BCLC, ICBC

According to Canada Post standards, abbreviations of provinces and territories should appear in upper case without periods.

AB, BC, MB, NB, NL, NS, NT, NU, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT

Place foreign currency codes in upper case.

EUR, USD

Mixed upper and lower case

Abbreviations with mixed upper and lower case other than academic degrees should have a period at the end.

Dr., Prof., Mr., Ms., Co., Ltd.

When abbreviating personal names, use periods and a space between abbreviations.

P. D. James, W. A. C. Bennett

Academic degrees

Use no periods in academic degrees. For accepted abbreviations, see Appendix A: Academic degrees.

PhD, BSc, BA

TRU and other universities

Spell out “Thompson Rivers University” in its first reference. Thereafter “TRU” is preferable except in very formal instances.

In abbreviating the names of degree-granting institutions, TRU’s Calendar does not use periods. Other units are urged to follow this treatment.

BA (Alta), MA (McG), LLB (Tor)

Abbreviations ending a sentence

When an abbreviation that takes a period ends a sentence, no additional period follows.

Class ends at 5:30 p.m.
The project was funded by ABCD Ltd.