Terms Related to Harassment and Discrimination
Bullying is typically a form of repeated, persistent, and aggressive behaviour directed at an individual or individuals that is intended to cause (or should be known to cause) fear and distress and/or harm to another person’s body, feelings, self-esteem, or reputation. Bullying occurs in a context where there is a real or perceived power imbalance.
Cyberbullying is the use of e-mail, instant messaging, chat rooms, pagers, cell phones, or other forms of information technology to deliberately harass, threaten, or intimidate someone.
Discrimination is an act of unequal treatment and can result in different treatment that imposes a burden, limits access to opportunities and results in the exclusion of an individual or a group from their entitled human rights.
Harassment is behaviour that is known or ought to be known as unwelcome directed at a person or group of persons, which causes adverse consequences and harm through a loss of personal respect and dignity or which negatively affects the work or learning environment. Harassment can include remarks, jokes or actions which demean or humiliate another person and which deny individual their dignity and respect.
Personal harassment is harassment that is not necessarily based on any of the grounds protected by Human Rights Legislation but is generally abusive, insulting, bullying or derogatory behaviour. It is behaviour that humiliates, intimidates, excludes and isolates an individual or group.
Sexual Harassment is discrimination of the basis of gender. Sexual harassment can include behaviours such as unwanted touching or patting, suggestive remarks or verbal abuse, compromising invitations, demands for sexual favours or sexual assault which is a criminal offence.