Thompson Rivers University
Thompson Rivers University


The links below show examples of the most commonly used type of Chicago Style Citations in accordance with the guidelines set out in the 16th edition.

Online Sources
Film and Television
Public and Unpublished Sources

Refers to how to a source is to be cited in an initial footnote or endnote.
For all subsequent footnotes, the following format should be used:
Author's Last Name, Abbreviated title of work, page number.

So for even though the first citation of a work might look like this:
Natalie Zemon Davis, The Return of Martin Guerre (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1983), 17.

Any subsequent footnotes for the same work would look like this (although the page number might vary of course):
Davis, The Return, 5.

This format can be made to work for almost any printed source although electronic entries can be a bit trickier. When citing an electronic source that has already been cited, try to preserve the basics of subsequent footnotes for paper sources even though mentioning a page number is usually impossible (unless one is looking at an online PDF).

Any citations of electronic sources should be in the format:
Authors Last Name, Title of Work/website, Page Number (if possible).

An initial citation of an electronic source would look like so:
Albert of Aix, “Albert of Aix and Ekkehard of Aura: Emico and the Slaughter of the Rhineland Jews,” in The Internet Medieval Sourcebook, Edited by Paul Halsall (Accessed November 10th 2010),

and any subsequent citations would look like this:
Aix, Emico and the Slaughter,.

Refers to how a source is to be cited in a bibliographic entry. This is usually similar to but no identical to how a foot/endnote citation is done for the same source.

Credit for the template for the example section of this guide must go to the OWL Writing Center at Purdue.

Although the template for this guide is heavily based off the the OWL, all works that are referenced as examples are purely fictional creations of the authors imagination and any resemblance they bear to real works,authors, publishing companies, or real events are purely coincidental.